APA citations appear in two places in a research paper: in the body of the paper, as in-text citations, and at the end of the paper, as references to books, articles, or any other type of source you have used in your paper.
A reference is a detailed description of an information source from which you quoted, summarized, or paraphrased an idea. It provides the author, the publication date, the title, and the publication information of the source. However, there are slight differences in the way these elements are presented depending on the type of source, (i.e., book, article, etc.). Each work that appears in the references of your paper should also be cited in the text.
Click on the collapsible panel to see examples based on the type of book you want to cite or its special characteristics and find out how you should form the reference.
Online with DOI
If the book has an edition statement, this should be mentioned in parentheses next to the title. E.g., Technology & the future (10th ed.). Notice that the edition statement should not be italicized.
Treat encyclopedic entries as chapters in edited books.
Print without DOI
Consult the Chicago Manual of Style available at JSB Library or the ALA-LC Romanization Tables to Romanize terms in a particular language.
Click on the collapsible panel to see examples based on the type of article you want to cite or its special characteristics and find out how you should form the reference.
Click on the collapsible panel to see examples based on the type of source you want to cite and find out how you should form the citation.
Online with publisher as author
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