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APA style

Note! The current APA Citation Guide and all the examples included in it, reflect the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The guide is scheduled to be updated to reflect the recently published 7th edition later in the year. 

Formatting the reference list

APA provides guidelines on how to format the reference list and how to arrange the entries of within it in your research paper.

The list of references includes only the information sources you have used in your paper. There are rules that define the position of the reference list in the paper, as well as details regarding the margins, the indentation, etc. of the reference list.

The list of references is formatted based on the specifications, which appear below.


Position in the paper

Place the list of References at the end of the research paper. Begin writing it on a new page.


Leave margins of one inch at the top, bottom, and on both sides of the References page.

Page numbers

Pagination of the References page should be continuous with the text. The page number appears at the top right corner, half an inch from the top. The running head of the research paper appears, at the top left side.


Use the same typeset and font size as you have used in the body of your paper. Typeset Times New Roman and font size 12 are recommended.


Begin with the heading References at a one-inch distance from the top of the page and center it.


The entire bibliography, including the References heading should be double-spaced.


Begin each entry at the left margin. If an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line(s) one-half inch from the left margin.