MLA citations appear in two places in a research paper in the body of the paper as in-text citations and at the end of the paper as references to books, articles, or any other type of source you have used in your paper.
An in-text citation is a brief description, which includes the last name of the author and the page of the source on which the information appears. It shows that you are using someone else's ideas or words in your paper. There are two ways to present citations in the text. You can either introduce the last name of the author and the page in the flow of the sentence, or include both of them in parentheses at the end of the sentence. An in-text citation should link your audience to a detailed works cited entry at the end of your paper.
Click on a collapsible panel to see examples based on the special characteristics of the source you are citing, and find out how you should form your in-text citations.
According to Herskovits the term acculturation refers to . . . (352).
Acculturation refers to . . . (Herskovits 352).
Chen and Ullen recognized the need . . . (209).
There was an unmet need . . . (Chen and Ullen 209).
Boyle et al. argue that . . . (305)
Research suggests that the most important factor responsible for anorexia is . . . (Boyle et al. 305).
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection estimated that . . . (47)
The report projected that . . . (Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection 47).
Full title of source: The September 11 Digital Archive
A large number of pictures relevant to the attack . . . (September).
According to @loseweightdiet0 there are seven rules to follow when we want to lose weight.
There are seven rules to follow if we want to lose weight (@loseweightdiet0).
Chen and Ullen suggest that "international students' work should be treated differently" . . . (qtd. in Lund 93).
Chomsky states that the future of social security . . . (Imperial Ambitions 184).
Other source - same author
Chomsky analyses the role of the U.S. . . . (Umbrella 50).
The future of social security depends upon . . . (Chomsky, Imperial Ambitions 184).
The role of the U.S. in the respect of human rights has been . . . (Chomsky, Umbrella 50).
The American foreign policy elite represents the views of . . . (Gerges 21; Western 175).
According to Herskovits the term acculturation refers to . . . (3: 352).
Acculturation refers to . . . (Herskovits 3: 352)