A citation refers to information (e.g., title, author, date) related to a source (e.g., article, image, website) of which you are not the original creator, but which you used to support your research. It is necessary that you identify which quotes, facts, images, etc., are yours and which derive from the research and thoughts of others. Whether you summarize, paraphrase, or use a piece of text that is not your original idea, the source must be acknowledged. There are many different citation styles you can choose from, depending on your field of study, the demands of your class or instructor, and your own preference.
Undisputed facts and generally accepted information (e.g., Romeo and Juliet is a play written by William Shakespeare).
Ideas are considered intellectual property. Therefore, any source that is not based on your original idea must be acknowledged. By not citing, or citing incorrectly, the sources you used to support your research, you commit plagiarism.
A citation style is a set of guidelines that specify what information is needed for a citation and how the information is ordered and formatted.
In most citation styles, two parts are required:
We provide guides and resources for APA, MLA, and Chicago styles. We provide basic resources on disciplinary styles and citation generators.
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