Skip to Main Content

Chicago style

Formatting the bibliography

Chicago notes and bibliography style provides guidelines on how to format the bibliography and how to arrange the entries of this list in your research paper.

The bibliography list includes the information sources you have used in your paper. There are rules that define the position of the bibliography in the paper, as well as details regarding the margins, the indentation, etc. of the bibliography.

The bibliography is formatted based on the specifications, which appear below.


Position in the Paper

Place the bibliography at the end of the research paper. Begin writing it on a new page.

Margins & Justification

Leave margins of one inch at the top, bottom and on both sides of the bibliography. Entries should flush left and not be justified.

Page Numbers

Pagination should be continuous with the text. The page number appears on the bottom right corner, half an inch from the bottom.


Use the same typeset and font size as you have used in the body of your paper.


Begin with the heading "Bibliography" at a one-inch distance from the top of the page and centrer it.


The entire bibliography should be double-spaced, including the "Bibliography" heading.


Begin each entry at the left margin. If an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line(s) one-half inch from the left margin.