Google Scholar provides several advanced searching options. These options may include the use of:
Click the hamburger icon ( ) on the left-hand corner. This reveals a menu from which you could choose the Advanced search.
Once you select the Advanced search, a pop-up window with the available advanced search options appears.
You may use the following options:
You can specify where the words you are searching may appear, by using any of the following options:
There are three additional search options to use:
This type of search uses operators that help you narrow or broaden your search. The most common operators are AND, OR, NOT. Check the table below to see when and how to use them in Google Scholar.
Boolean & Proximity Operators
in Google Scholar
Finds both terms included in a search query, so it narrows down search results.
library AND anxiety
Good practice when you want to combine more than one search terms. It needs to be in capital letters.
Finds one or either terms included in a search query, so it expands search results.
library (anxiety OR fear)
Good practice when there is more than one commonly used set of keywords that describe a topic. It needs to be in capital letters.
Finds the first term included in a query but not the second, so it narrows down search results.
library anxiety -graduate
Good practice when not useful words pop up in your results. Do not spell out the word NOT use the minus symbol or a hyphen (-) instead. Do not add a space after the hyphen. The search term you wish to exclude should appear immediately after it.
Allows to search by proximity of words, so it narrows down search results.
library anxiety AROUND (5) graduate
It should be written in capital letters. You can add spaces between the first search term(s), AROUND, the parenthesis with the number that indicates how close the next search term should appear in the results and the second search term(s).
Google Scholar supports the use of words as search operators. These words are:
Google Scholar supports the use of symbols as search operators. These symbols are: